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Access to the Internet is evidence of connection and has been considered as an indicator of participation in the knowledge society and in the process of globalization, the latter also defined as “complex connectivity” and empirical condition of the modern world. But evidences of growth of this resource around the world is confronted with several questions about unbalances between developed and developing countries, about regional and social differences inside countries and about the perspectives of its use by knowledge professionals. This subject - access and use of the Internet - has been included in the Brazilian Bureau of Census Annual Survey of 2005 (IBGE/Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra Domiciliar), a survey that involves interviews in more than 140 thousand homes, is epresentative of the Brazilian population, and also contains several other data about the people interviewed, as their social background, their demographic characteristics and their work situation. This is, therefore, a new and special opportunity to study the subject, and this paper is a part of a more comprehensive research project that focuses on the characteristics and perspectives of Brazilian society with regard to the Internet access and use, considering the questions proposed by Information and Social Sciences literature on the subject. In data analyses presented here emphasis is given, in the first place, to the description of regional and socioeconomic inequalities with regard to the access to the Internet. A second emphasis is given to the description and comparison of the access to the Internet among Science and Technology professionals, including, specifically, Information professionals, in both public and private sectors.
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